Scientific Name: Citharexylum caudatum
Common Names: Juniper Berry, Fiddlewood
Duration: Perennial, Evergreen
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub
Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. This naturalized ornamental landscaping plant is native to Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and Colombia.
Flower Color: White
Height: Up to 65 feet (20 m) tall, but usually much less
Description: The flowers are in long, slender racemes. The individual flowers are small, white, bell-shaped, and have 5 rounded lobes. The flowers are followed by drooping, tail-like clusters of bright orange maturing to black fruits. The leaves have rounded tips and are green, glossy above, dull below, leathery, hairless, opposite, and oblong, elliptic-oblanceolate, or egg-shaped.
Here in Hawaii, Juniper Berry is a thicket-forming weed in wet to mesic (moderately wet) areas. The seeds are spread by birds.
The similar Spiny Fiddlewood (Citharexylum spinosum) has point-tipped leaves, while Sauco Macho (Citharexylum gentryi) has hairy leaves.
Fragrant – The flowers are lightly fragrant and attract bees.
Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Family: Verbenaceae – Verbena family
Genus: Citharexylum L. – fiddlewood
Species: Citharexylum caudatum L. – juniper berry
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