Spathoglottis plicata – Philippine Ground Orchid

Spathoglottis plicata - Philippine Ground Orchid (flower)

Spathoglottis plicata - Philippine Ground Orchid (flowers and unripe seed capsules)

Spathoglottis plicata - Philippine Ground Orchid (leaves)

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Spathoglottis plicata

Common Name: Philippine Ground Orchid

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Herb/Forb

Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to Southeast Asia.

Flower Color: Violet-pink, Magenta-purple, White (rare)

Height: To 40 inches (1 m) tall

Description: The flowers have 5, oval-shaped, pink, purple, or white tepals (2 side petals and 3 petal-like sepals) and a similarly colored, spade-shaped labellum. The flowers are followed by 6-ribbed seed capsules that split open to release the minute, dustlike seeds into the air. The leaves emerge from pseudobulbs and are bright green, linear-lanceolate, and distinctively plicate (having fanlike folds along their length).

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass: Liliidae
Order: Orchidales
Family: Orchidaceae – Orchid family
Genus: Spathoglottis Blume – ground orchid
Species: Spathoglottis plicata Blume – Philippine ground orchid

More About This Plant

Hawaii County Distribution Map