Castilleja arvensis – Field Indian Paintbrush

Castilleja arvensis - Field Indian Paintbrush

Castilleja arvensis - Field Indian Paintbrush

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Castilleja arvensis

Common Name: Field Indian Paintbrush

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual

Growth Habit: Herb/Forb, Hemiparasite

Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. This naturalized wildflower is native to Mexico and Central and South America.

Flower Color: Red bracts

Height: To 32 inches (81 cm) tall

Description: The greenish flowers are in hairy, elongating flower spikes with red-tipped, petal-like bracts. The leaves are green, sessile, alternate, 3-veined, and linear-elliptic, lanceolate, or oblanceolate in shape. The stems are erect, densely hairy, and usually unbranched. The plants are partial root parasites of nearby plants.

This is the only red-flowered Castilleja species found here in Hawaii.

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family
Genus: Castilleja Mutis ex L. f. – Indian paintbrush
Species: Castilleja arvensis Cham. & Schltdl. – field Indian paintbrush

More About This Plant

Hawaii County Distribution Map