Scientific Name: Hedychium gardnerianum
Common Names: Kahili Ginger, Kahila Garland-lily
Growth Habit: Herb/Forb
Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to the Himalayas.
Flower Color: Yellow
Flowering Season: Summer to fall
Height: To 6 feet (1.8 m) tall
Description: The flower spikes are up to 18 inches (46 cm) tall, cylindrical in shape, and very showy with numerous flowers blooming at the same time. The individual flowers have 3 slender sepals, 3 petals, and long, orange-red stamens. The flowers are followed by fleshy, orange seed capsules that split open into 3 segments to reveal fleshy, red seeds. From a distance, the fruits look like a spike of orange flowers. The pseudostems (formed by the leaf sheaths) emerge from underground rhizomes. The leaf blades are bright green in color and narrowly oval in shape.
Here in Hawaii, Kahili Ginger is an invasive weed in moist areas, and it's especially a problem in rainforests and along roadsides. Fruit-eating birds are responsible for spreading the seeds.
Fragrant – The flowers have a delightfully sweet fragrance.
Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Family: Zingiberaceae – Ginger family
Genus: Hedychium J. Koenig – garland-lily
Species: Hedychium gardnerianum Shepard ex Ker Gawl. – Kahila garland-lily
More About This Plant